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New Michigan law requires CPR training

By AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION NEWS



Lawmakers in Michigan hope the odds of surviving a cardiac arrest improve in the state, where high schoolers will soon be required to take CPR training before graduating.
“We’re hoping this will help increase survival rates across all Michigan communities and beyond,” said pediatric cardiologist Monica Martin Goble, M.D., an associate professor at the University of Michigan Congenital Heart Center, and an American Heart Association volunteer. “As four out of five cardiac arrests happen at home, this has the potential to increase survival rates across our communities.”
The new law was signed Dec. 28 by Gov. Rick Snyder. It outlines that Michigan high schoolers will learn CPR and how to use an automated external defibrillator before graduation beginning with the 2017-2018 school year. The result will be roughly 100,000 more CPR-trained Michiganians every year.
High school seniors Tyler Menhart and best friend Noah Weeda testified in support of the bill.
Weeda collapsed during soccer drills in April 2015 at Northview High School in Grand Rapids. Menhart called 911 and used the CPR skills he’d learned as a Boy Scout.




Also supporting the bill were the families of Wes Leonard, who died in 2011 at age 16 after a high school basketball tournament, Kayla Stanford, who died at 13 after track practice in 2006, and Kimberly Gillary, who died at 15 during a water polo match in 2000.
Michigan is now one of 35 states and the District of Columbia that require high school students to be taught CPR based on American Heart Association guidelines. In those states combined, more than 2.1 million high school students each year will have been trained in CPR.

LIFESAVERS IN SCHOOL

By AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION NEWS

Thirty-five states and the District of Columbia have passed laws or adopted curriculum changes to require hands-on, guidelines-based CPR training to graduate high school. Each year, more than 2.1 million public high school graduates will have been trained in CPR.

Sources: American Heart Association; National Center for Education Statistics, 2013-2014 school year

Effective: 2013-2014 school year

65,310 graduates

​Passed: 2013

WASHINGTON

Effective: 2015-2016 school year

​334,490 graduates

​Passed: 2015

OREGON

Effective: 2015-2016 school year

​(starting with ninth-grade class)

17,170 graduates

​Approved: 2014

IDAHO

Effective: 2014-2015 school year

291,830 graduates

​Passed: 2013

TEXAS

Effective: 2014-2015 school year

31,860 graduates

​Cirriculum changed: 2014

UTAH

Effective: 1983

42,920 graduates

​Passed: 1983

ALABAMA

Effective: 2014-2015 school year

​228,540 graduates

​Passed: 2013

ARKANSAS

Effective: 2012-2013 school year

​6 6,070 graduates

​Passed: 2012

VERMONT

Effective: 2013-2014 school year

​9,460 9,460 graduates

​Passed: 2013

RHODE ISLAND

Effective: 2016-2017 school year

​79,9035,540 graduates

​Passed: 2015

CONNECTICUT

Effective: 2015-2016 school year

​79,90193,480 graduates

​Cirriculum changed: 2015

NEW YORK

Effective: 2014-2015 school year

​(starting with ninth-grade class)

92,220 graduates

​Approved: 2014

NEW JERSEY

Effective: 2015-2016 school year

​79,908,120 graduates

​Passed: 2014

DELAWARE

Effective: 2015-2016 school year

​(starting with ninth-grade class)

56,990 graduates

​Passed: 2014

MARYLAND

Effective: 2016-2017 school year

​(starting with ninth-grade class)

79,900 graduates

​Passed: 2013

VIRGINIA

Effective: 2015-2016 school year

​79,9016,740 graduates

​Passed: 2015

WEST VIRGINIA

Effective: 2017-2018 school year

​(starting with ninth-grade class)

18,480 graduates

​Passed: 2016

NEW MEXICO

Effective: 2015-2016 school year

​(starting with ninth-grade class)

25,720 graduates

​Passed: 2014

MISSISSIPPI

Effective: 2013-2014 school year

​79,9092,010 graduates

​Passed: 2013

GEORGIA

Effective: 2014-2015 school year

​79,9088,040 graduates

​Passed: 2012

NORTH CAROLINA

Effective: 2017-2018 school year

​79,9039,450 g39,450raduates

​Passed: 2016

SOUSOUTH CAROLINA

Effective: 2015-2016 school year

6,980 graduates

​Cirriculum changed: 2015

NORTH DAKOTA

Effective: 2015-2016 school year

37,300 graduates

​Passed: 2014

OKLAHOMA

Effective: 2012-2013 school year

​79,9058,600 graduates

​Passed: 2012

TENNESSEE

Effective: 2011-2012 school year

​79,9032,310 graduates

​Passed: 2008

IOWA

Effective: 2017-2018 school year

​79,9060,340 graduates

​Passed: 2016

MISSOURI

Effective: 2014-2015 school year

​79,90130,340 graduates

​Passed: 2014

ILLINOIS

Effective: 2015-2016 school year

​79,9065,940 graduates

​Passed: 2015

INDIANA

Effective: 2017-2018 school year

101,000 graduates

​Passed: 2016

OHIO

Effective: 2014-2015 school year

​79,9035,720 graduates

​Passed: 2014

LOUISIANA

Effective: 2016-2017 school year

​79,9038,490 graduates

​Passed: 2016

KENTUCKY

Effective: 2014-2015 school year

​79,9056,320 graduates

​Passed: 2012

MINNESOTA

Effective: 2017-2018 school year

​79,9060,460 graduates

​Passed: 2016

WISCONSIN

Effective: 2019-2020 school year

59,850 graduates

​Passed: 2016

ARIZONA

Effective: 2016-2017 school year

2,970 graduates

​Passed: 2016

DISTRICT OF

​COLUMBIA

Effective: 2017-2018 school year

​79,90100,060 graduates

​Passed: 2016

MICHIGAN















According to the AHA, more than 350,000 Americans suffer sudden cardiac arrests outside a hospital each year, and only 12 percent survive. For each minute that passes without CPR or defibrillation the chances of survival decrease by 7 percent to 10 percent.
That gives emergency medical services very little time to get to victims, which is why bystander CPR is so important, said Brad Dornbos, a firefighter and EMS coordinator for the City of Wyoming Department of Public Safety Fire Services in Michigan.
“Those first extra few minutes are critical until we show up,” said Dornbos, who testified in support of the bill.
He said only a handful of Michigan schools are currently teaching CPR training. The new law will change that.
Michigan students will learn and practice hands-on CPR, which includes pumping the chest to circulate blood to vital organs such as the brain and heart. They’ll also become familiar with AEDs, battery-operated mobile devices that can deliver a shock to a cardiac arrest victim’s heart.
“The fact that the law includes a hands-on component should increase its effectiveness” because it’s a simple skill to teach and remember, Goble said.
Senator Tonya Schuitmaker and Rep. Tom Hooker introduced the legislation and ushered it through the legislative process. The state Senate unanimously approved the bill in May; the House passed it Dec. 15.

By AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION NEWS


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